Hacham Moshe Dayan was born to his mother Rachel and his father Hacham Abraham in Cairo, Egypt, 1931. He studied at the Ahava Ve'akhva yeshiva with his master, the Rishon LeZion Hacham Ovadia Yosef, who officiated in Cairo as Chief Head of the Bet Din.
In 1952 he moved to Paris, studied there at the rabbinic seminary, and received his rabbinic ordination from the Chief Rabbi of France at the time, Rabbi Yaakov Kaplan. Following his ordination he served as Rabbi of Northern France and as a rabbi in the French army. Hacham Moshe Dayan married Rivka and the couple had ten children.
In 1963 he immigrated to Israel and settled in the city of Holon, where he taught Torah at Pirhei Kehuna and Torah ve'Aliyah.
In 1972 he relocated in order to serve as rabbi of the Egyptian Jews' Mekor Haim community in Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Sao Paulo he established a Talmud Torah, had a mikve built, and assured kosher butchery.
Hacham Moshe Dayan passed away from an illness on 21 Iyar 5691 (1979) at the age of 48. He was buried at the Mount of Olives cemetery in Jerusalem.
His book Likutei Hemed, printed before his death, has two parts and includes a collection of Halakhot. The book Hemdat Moshe was published after his death, in his memory. The book is principally a collection of Torah articles by various writers, yet includes some by Hacham Moshe Dayan.
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